• Schelling and Swedenborg

    Mysticism and German Idealism

    By Friedemann Horn
    Translated by George F. Dole
    Swedenborg Studies #6

    Scholar Friedemann Horn documents Friedrich Schelling’s intense personal engagement with the works of Emanuel Swedenborg, an engagement fueled by the deaths of two women whom Schelling loved. Read more 

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In this groundbreaking study, Friedemann Horn documents Friedrich Schelling’s intense personal engagement with Emanuel Swedenborg’s theological works, an engagement fueled to a considerable extent by the untimely death of two women whom Schelling loved. In Swedenborg’s vision of the spiritual realm, Schelling found an invaluable resource that supplied an underpinning for his own romantic idealism. Horn details the linguistic similarities in the writings of the two philosophers and shows how, particularly in Clara and the Stuttgart Lectures, Schelling employs the ideas of the “seer of the North.”

The scholar will find suggestive contacts with Goethe, Wagner, and Franz von Baader, and with a theosophical tradition whose importance may have been overshadowed by Kant’s scathing criticism of Swedenborg. In giving access to that undercurrent, Horn provides a unique and neglected view of nineteenth-century thought.

About the Author

Friedemann Horn received his Ph.D. in Religious Science from Marburg University, where he studied under Ernst Benz, and has also studied languages, comparative religions, and Protestant theology. For the past forty years, he has been the editor of the bi-monthly journal Offene Tore; he has translated many Latin, English, Italian, and French works into German; and he has written articles for scientific publications. He was also the editor-in-chief of Swedenborg Verlag in Zurich, Switzerland.


George F. Dole holds a BA from Yale, an MA from Oxford, and a PhD from Harvard. Now professor emeritus, Dr. Dole taught ancient languages, the Bible, and theology at the Swedenborg School of Religion in Newton, Massachusetts. He is also the author of Freedom and Evil, Sorting Things Out, and A Book about Us. He lives in Bath, Maine.


“Horn’s groundbreaking study, a combination of superb scholarship, lucid writing, and stimulating discourse, is made, at last, accessible to an English readership.”

—Professor Antoine Faivre, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes

About the Swedenborg Studies Series

Swedenborg Studies is a scholarly series published by the Swedenborg Foundation. The primary purpose of the series is to make materials available for understanding the life and thought of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772) and the impact his thought has had on others. The Foundation undertakes to publish original studies and English translations and to republish primary sources that are otherwise difficult to access.

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